The Cromwellian reconquest of Ireland dragged on until the fall of Galway in April because of the outbreak of the third English Civil War. The English conflict left some 34, Parliamentarians and 50, Royalists dead, while at least , men and women died from war-related diseases, bringing the total death toll caused by the three civil wars in England to almost , More died in Scotland, and far more in Ireland. Moreover, the trial and execution of an anointed sovereign and the presence of a standing army throughout the s, combined with the proliferation of radical religious sects, shook the very foundations of British society and ultimately facilitated the restoration of Charles II in This was the last civil war fought on English—though not Irish and Scottish—soil.
Eric Foner and John A.
Garraty, Editors. All rights reserved. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Wars of the Roses were a series of bloody civil wars for the throne of England between two competing royal families: the House of York and the House of Lancaster, both members of the age-old royal Plantagenet family. Waged between and , the Wars of the Roses earned Conrad was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in , the year in which he published his provocative, indeed avant garde , textbook The Crisis of Parliaments Hence it was not surprising that the early Stuart monarchy increasingly came to see Parliament in general and the House of Commons in particular, as an obstructive and increasingly irrelevant institution.
This brought him into regular contact with Joel Hurstfield, who had succeeded Sir John Neale as the senior convenor. Then in Conrad moved to Yale to succeed Jack Hexter, who had made the Yale Center for Parliamentary History a world leader in research, holding a wealth of microfilm, transcripts of manuscripts, and an unrivalled collection of unpublished parliamentary diaries.
These resources allowed researchers to compare different accounts of crucial debates in the 17th century without the toil and expense of going round scattered English repositories and transcribing each diary in turn. For his research students and junior colleagues, the Tudor-Stuart seminar with Conrad at its head played an important formative role in their intellectual development.
Lively discussions underscored the value of archival research, and Conrad would frequently bring out the importance of a crucial reference in a way that its discoverer might not have fully appreciated. He had a remarkable memory, quoting at length from other sources, and his enthusiasm was contagious. Members of the seminar often found that Conrad read not merely for his own research but also for theirs; he generously passed on relevant material from archives as diverse as the Phelips MSS in the Somerset Record Office and the Carreg-lwyd MSS in the National Library of Wales.
Conrad particularly enjoyed the summer term, when a steady trickle of friends and former students from north American universities would cross the Atlantic to appear in the IHR common room for tea before joining the seminar. Taken as a whole, it must be admitted that the Russell oeuvre was very concentrated in its range of interests.
English Civil Wars
After the publication of The Origins of the English Civil War , it became apparent that he was proposing a very different synthesis. Instead, Conrad argued, in the early 17th century, Parliament was not yet a powerful institution, but still just an irregular event, as it had been throughout the middle ages. So as late as and even , there was no reason to assume that civil war would be the outcome of such disagreements. In English political and parliamentary history, a pioneering Cambridge thesis of by J.
Ball, on the M. Sir John Eliot, was followed in by Faction and Parliament , a ground-breaking collection of essays including one by Dr. Ball edited by Kevin Sharpe. Koenigsberger on the Burgundian low countries and Sir John Elliott on the revolt of the Catalans, impressed Conrad by their relevance to the British experience of multiple monarchies.
These points emerged from his detailed account of the parliaments of the s, since he insisted that the exact narrative must be established before any search for causes or explanations, otherwise, the historian would risk succumbing to the dangers of hindsight. Conrad set out on the ambitious project of constructing a new political narrative. Oxford: Baskerville, S. The Political Theology of the English Revolution.
Bellany, A. Bennett, M. Braddick, M. Taxation and the financing of the English State, Brenner, R.
HIST | Reading lists | Library | University of Leeds
Merchants and Revolution. Brown, K. Scotland and the Regal Union Burgess, G. The Divine Right of Kings Reconsidered. Capp, B. The Fifth Monarchy Men. Cromwell's Navy. Carlton, C. Charles I, the Personal Monarch. Archbishop William Laud. Going to the Wars. The Experience of the British Civil Wars, Christianson, P. Clark, J.
- Internet Shakespeare Editions.
- The Black Book of Training Secrets.
- Nothing by Design!
- Before the English Civil War | SpringerLink.
- Blair Worden · LRB.
- Blair Worden.
- Faction and parliament: essays on early Stuart history?
Revolution and Rebellion. Cambridge: C. Clark, P.
The English Commonwealth Cliffe, J. The Yorkshire Gentry. Puritans in Conflict.
Cliffe, T. Puritan Gentry Beseiged. Cogswell, T. The Blessed Revolution. English Politics and the Coming of War, A Low road to extinction: parliament and supply in the s. Historical Journal , ,. The House of Commons at War, Home Divisions. Aristocracy, the state and provincial conflict.
Part one: the origins of the English Civil War, 1625–1642
Collinson, P. The religion of Protestants.
- 2E The English Revolution, 1625–1660.
- Selected Bibliography.
- Part two: Radicalism, Republic and Restoration, 1642–1660 (A-level only);
- Before the English Civil War Essays on Early Stuart Politics and Government by Tomlinson Howard?
- The Effects of Ultrasound on the Kinetics of Crystallization;
Politics without Parliaments, Oliver Cromwell. Crawford, P. Denzil Holles A Study of his Political career. Croft, P. Charles I and the Forced Loan. Journal of British Studies , ,. The Forced Loan and English Politics Charles I and a draft declaration for the Parliament. Historical Research , ,. Anti-puritanism and urban politics: Charles I and Great Yarmouth.
Historical Journal , 35 1 , Davies, J. The Caroline Captivity of the Church. Charles I and the Remoulding of Anglicanism Davis, J. Fear, myth and History.
Related Before the English Civil War: Essays on Early Stuart Politics and Government
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