In today's world, where imperialism has again become a motivating force in international politics, Sankar Muthu does well to revive and analyze this critical conception. Sankar Muthu has recovered a lost history of Enlightenment anti-imperialism, and shown us how its great exponents--Diderot, Kant and Herder--were able to combine a keen sense of cultural diversity with a steady awareness of what may be morally universal.
The book is not only a virtuoso piece of historical reconstruction, but also a lesson in how a proper understanding of history equips us in unexpected and powerful ways to make sense of our own time. In very readable prose, Muthu demonstrates that the characterization of Enlightenment humanism as Eurocentric and exclusionary does not fit the three very important thinkers examined, and indeed that Enlightenment humanism provides valuable resources for rethinking moral, social, and political theory today.
McCarthy, Northwestern University "Through close readings of Diderot, Kant, and Herder, Muthu analyzes an anti-imperialist strand in eighteenth century political thought. He sees these thinkers as providing a novel view of what it means to be human: 'humanity as cultural agency, ' that is, membership in diverse social units with distinctive practices and beliefs.
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From Muthu's emphasis upon the thick notion of culture shared by these authors, he derives general arguments for human worth and respect, and rejects facile indictments of 'The Enlightenment' or 'The Enlightenment Project. Humanity and Culture in Kant's Politics, pg. Review quote "A well-argued first book that is as original as it is convincing. They are dynamic and relative to their past and present. Sankar Muthu has written such a book. His analysis clearly demonstrates that the historical process we have come to know as the 'Enlightenment' was really many enlightenments This book is highly recommended for students of history, philosophy, and culture.
Muthu's provocative thesis is that moral universalism did not suffice to ground opposition to empire Enlightenment Against Empire moves beyond accounts of political positions into thoughtful reconstructions and syntheses of arguments, and among its many virtues is to remind us that work in the history of political thought need not be done in an antiphilosophical fashion.
Part I examines how and how many lawsuits were generated in the empire. It analyzes civil litigation rates in six areas of Mexico, Peru, a With chapters on the process of suing, and on the intellectual transformations and absolutist royal policy reforms on law and its practice, it explores legal culture in diverse capital cities and rural districts.
Part II zeroes in on three types of civil cases that increased even more rapidly than the general rise of civil suits.
The cases that colonial women, Indian commoners, and slaves initiated against masters, native leaders, and husbands challenged an older model of justice aimed at extralegal outcomes and casuistic jurisprudence. As they produced new ideas about freedom, natural rights, history, and merit in court, these subordinate litigants ultimately created an Enlightened law-centered culture.
The conclusion considers why Spain and its colonies have remained marginal to the story of the advent of the modern West. Keywords: Enlightenment , law , comparative history , natural rights , slaves , gender , native people , Mexico , Peru , Spain. Forgot password?
Enlightenment against Empire: Sankar Muthu - Book | Rahva Raamat
Don't have an account? As a historical era, it runs, roughly, from the middle decades of the seventeenth century to the French Revolution of That is history.
Precisely because the Enlightenment is so close to us and so much part of what it means to be modern, it seems difficult to conceive of a history education that would not include the Enlightenment as history and philosophical legacy. Even when the Enlightenment is not presented in its own right, ideas derived from it inform historical narratives of scientific progress, economic development, and the rise of tolerance and democracy.
Beyond that, it affects the way ancient and medieval history are presented by teachers and ingested by students and pupils.
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